Sports Medicine

At All-Star Orthopaedics, Drs. Mark S. Greenberg, Kevin M. Honig, W. Grear Hurt, Bing S. Tsay, and Thomas M. Schott take a special focus on treating sports injuries caused by a variety of factors. Many active people suffer major sports injuries caused by body or object impact during contact sports, poor training practices, or the use of improper gear. Sports injuries can also be caused by exercising without proper pre-routine stretching and warm-ups, and those who are not in shape and take on exercises that strain their muscles and bodies too forcefully may also be at increased risk for a sports injury. Sports medicine can also include injuries and conditions brought on by body stresses in the workplace and other environments.

Sports injuries do not automatically require surgery, and many conditions can be treated with simple treatment plans, medicine, and physical therapy.

Although surgery is sometimes required for the best possible outcome, our orthopaedic surgeons typically recommend surgery as a last resort. Please contact our practice to schedule a consultation with our sports medicine specialists.

Sports injuries

Common sports injuries include:

Knee Injuries

Running, pivoting, turning, jumping, and other athletic movements can be hard on the knees. Some of the most common knee injuries are fractures, dislocations, ligament and tendon tears, meniscal tears, and concerns caused by wear-and-tear.

Shoulder Injuries

We use our arms and shoulders every day to perform tasks big and small. Athletes aren’t the only ones subject to injuries in this area, and millions of people seek treatment for shoulder problems each year. Common injuries affect the muscles, ligaments, and tendons, although the bones can also suffer from acute and chronic damage. Overuse and traumatic injuries can cause serious functional concerns over time and should be evaluated.

Muscle Swelling/Injury

Athletes often experience “pulled” or strained muscles, such as in the hamstring. Most muscle injuries like these can be treated without surgery, although a tear of the muscle may require a more aggressive approach. Muscle conditioning and stretching can help reduce the chances of suffering from a muscle strain.

Shin/Calf Injuries

Shin splints, muscle cramps and strains, and Achilles tendonitis are examples of common conditions affecting the calf and shin region. Sudden injury or overuse can lead to pain and swelling in this area, although most concerns can be addressed non-surgically.

Hand Injuries

Fractures, sprains, nerve injuries, and mallet finger are just a few of the concerns that can occur in the hands. Many types of sports and recreational games involve throwing, catching, or hitting an object, which can easily lead to damage in this area.

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Bone Breaks/Fractures

Essentially any bone in the body can be fractured, but athletes more commonly experience traumatic or acute bone breaks on the hands, wrists, collarbones, ankles, and feet. Repetitive motions, such as long-distance running, can also lead to stress fractures. Breaks need to be treated immediately and the type and severity of the fracture will determine how to treat it.

Dislocations

Joints become dislocated when the connecting surfaces are separated partially or fully. The shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee are some of the most common joints to dislocate during sports. Minor or simple dislocations cause minimal damage and can usually be repaired non-surgically. Severe and complex dislocations, however, may require surgery and more advanced treatment to correct.

Injuries to the Achilles Tendon

The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone and makes it possible to walk, run, and jump. A partial or full tear of this tendon can be extremely debilitating. Both non-surgical and surgical treatments are available, and the right approach is based on the type of injury and how significant it is.

Our orthopaedic surgeons can evaluate your condition and set up a treatment plan designed to provide the best possible improvement.

Work-Place Related Injuries

Whether you work in a factory, an office, the outdoors, or just about any work environment, you may be susceptible to a work-related injury. Doctors at All-Star Orthopaedics are experts at treating a variety of workplace injuries in a range of body areas, including:

  • Hands
  • Wrists
  • Elbows
  • Shoulders
  • Spine
  • Knees
  • Hips
  • Feet
  • Ankles

Workplace injuries can include sprains and strains caused by lifting heavy objects, injuries caused by impact with objects or other people, and various conditions of the upper extremities brought on by poor office ergonomics or the sheer strain of constant repetitive motion such as typing.

All-Star Orthopaedics can treat a comprehensive array of work-related injuries, including carpal tunnel syndrome, tennis elbow, bursitis, tendonitis, sprains and strains, nerve and muscle injuries, spinal injuries and strains, fractures, and much more.

Please contact our practice for more information on treatment for workplace injuries.

Numbness and Tingling

Constant numbness and tingling in various parts of the body, particularly the hands, can be caused by sports or work-related injuries that you may not even know you’ve suffered until the symptoms begin. Numbness and tingling in the hands and fingers are very common, and is typically caused by nerves in the wrist being compressed by structures that surround them. This can happen as the result of repetitive motion and work that requires the excessive use of your hands. Carpal tunnel syndrome is often the diagnoses in cases of hand numbness and tingling; however, there are many factors that can cause the condition, and it can affect other body parts as well. These factors include: remaining in the same position for an extended period of time, lack of blood supply to the area, nerve injury, pressure on spinal nerves, herniated disk, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, stroke, thyroid conditions, migraines, certain medications, vitamin deficiency, and others.

Treatments for numbness and tingling will vary depending on the extent and area of the body where it is being encountered. Wrist splints can be useful in cases of carpal tunnel syndrome; anti-inflammatory medications can also be beneficial in mild cases. Vitamin supplements and physical therapy are also common remedies. Cases of severe numbness and/or tingling, as well as those that have lasted for protracted periods of time, may require surgery

If you are experiencing numbness and/or tingling in any part of the body, it is important to see a doctor right away to assess the cause and begin treatment.

Muscle and Nerve Injuries

Muscle injuries are very common among athletes when too much force is placed on a particular area of the body. For example, one of the most common muscle injuries occurs in the hamstring – the system of muscles running down the back of the thigh. When the muscles are stretched beyond capacity – pulling, partial or complete tearing can occur. A number of factors can cause you to overload the muscles, including poor conditioning, muscle fatigue, muscle imbalance, tightness of the muscles. Certain activities can also put you more at risk of muscle injury, including running/sprinting, dancing, and contact sports. Older people and adolescent athletes may also be at a higher risk of muscle injury.

Symptoms of muscle injury include swelling, bruising, and persistent weakness in the area. Treatment for muscle injury depends on severity; however, rest, ice, compression, and elevation are often highly effective at improving the condition. Immobilization and physical therapy often follow to help the muscle heal. Partial and complete muscle tears may require surgery, followed by physical therapy. Many people who have suffered muscle injuries make a full recovery with full function if the proper treatment is administered.

Nerve injuries can often be caused by cutting, stretching, or an inordinate amount of pressure applied to them. This can ultimately result in muscles failing to work properly and a loss of feeling in the area. Nerve injuries can sometimes heal themselves with the proper care. Physical therapy can keep mobility running through the joints and the muscles working while the nerve heals. In many cases of nerve injury, patients must take extreme care not to further injure the area, as they may not feel pain because of damaged nerves will not alert the brain that something is wrong. Severe cases of nerve injury, such as cut nerves, may require surgery.

Sprains/Strains

Sprains are characterized by a ligament that is stretched or torn. Ligaments, connective tissues between the bone and the joint, can be extremely painful when stressed or injured. Some of the most common sprains occur in the ankles and the knees after a sudden twist, fall, or impact. A sprain can often be felt as a tear or a pop when it happens. Sprains can often cause severe pain and discomfort, bruising and swelling, inability to stand, and a decreased range of motion. Treatment usually involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Some sprains are so severe that crutches may be temporarily required for walking. If RICE and various medications do not help the sprain to improve, exercise and physical therapy may be recommended.

Strains are torn or stretched muscles or tendons (the connective tissue between the muscle and bone). Like sprains, strains can occur suddenly; however, strains can also develop over time. They commonly occur in the back and hamstring, and often affect those who are involved in sports. New exercise programs requiring more body stresses than you are accustomed to can also lead to strains. Strains typically cause pain, inflammation, muscle spasms, cramping, and swelling. Treatment for strains is dependent on how badly the muscles or tendons are injured. Many strains can be easily treated with rest, ice, compression, elevation and/or stretching of the area. Some strains may require physical therapy or immobilization, while more severe cases may necessitate surgery.

Please contact All-Star Orthopaedics for more information on sports medicine, or to schedule a consultation with one of our orthopaedic surgeons.


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